Junfeng Mountain Nature Reserve is located in the southeast of Mingxi County, located at 26º18ˊ-26º22ˊnorth latitude 117º27ˊ–117º32ˊ longitude. The administrative division belongs to Ziyun Village, Xiayang Township, and is adjacent to Meilie District and Sanyuan District of Sanming City. The zoning area is 1710.4 hectares.
The Junfeng Mountain Nature Reserve is composed of Sinian and Cambrian strata. The reserve is dominated by biotite granites in the early Yanshan period and fine-grained granites in the late Yanshan period. The peaks of Junfeng Mountain are odd peaks, Saga is majestic, and the peaks are cliffs. It consists of three peaks of Junfeng Mountain. The north and south peaks are lower, with an altitude of 900-1000m, and the middle peak is the main peak, with an altitude of 1061.7m. Red soil developed by granite is the main soil type in Junfeng Mountain Nature Reserve. Red soil and mountain red soil are sequentially distributed along the altitude gradient.
Mingxi County belongs to the central subtropical marine monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 18.0ºC, the average temperature in January is 7.6º, the average temperature in July is 27.0ºC, the extreme minimum temperature is -10.9ºC, and the extreme maximum temperature is 39.2ºC. The annual sunshine hours are 1761h. The early frost started in late November and the late frost started in early March. The frost-free period was 269 days. The annual precipitation is 1737.7mm, up to 2200mm, mainly in the spring, summer and rainy seasons. The number of days of precipitation is 178d. The annual evaporation is 1374.7mm, and the annual precipitation is greater than the annual evaporation. The average annual relative humidity is 81%, with a minimum of 78% in February. The average annual foggy day is 36d. The regional climate has the characteristics of warm and humid, and the water and heat resources are very rich.
The natural altitude of the Junfeng Mountain Nature Reserve varies greatly. The peaks of the peaks of the peaks of Junfeng Mountain Nature Reserve are composed of three peaks, namely, the north peak, the middle peak, and the south peak. The terrain of the reserve is complex and the gully is vertical and horizontal. Under the warm and humid monsoon climate, the ecosystem types are diverse. The natural environment for the growth and reproduction of wild flora and fauna is very superior, and the wildlife is rich in resources. There are five main types of vegetation in the protected area: evergreen broad-leaved forest, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, coniferous forest, bamboo forest, and thicket. According to preliminary investigation and statistics, there are 162 families, 534 genera, and 956 vascular plants (including varieties and subspecies) in the reserve. There are 520 species in 108 families of wild starch plants, pigment plants, honey plants, medicinal plants, fiber plants, tanning plants, aromatic plants, resin and gum plants, oil plants, ornamental plants, and fruit trees. The zoogeographical area is divided into the transition zone between the Eastern Ocean and the Paleo-Northern boundary, and the species in the Eastern Ocean are mainly. Fish 5 orders 13 families 34 genera 36 species. There are 23 species of amphibians, belonging to 9 genera of 27 families, 41 species of reptiles, and 34 genera of 11 families and 2 orders. There are 76 species of birds in 26 families. There are 18 species in 14 families. There are more than 391 species of insects and 93 species of large fungi. There are 79 species of phytoplankton, belonging to 41 genera and 22 families in 5 phyla, 56 species of phytoplankton, and 40 genera to 24 families in 5 phyla. The protected area has relatively complete forest vegetation, and the flora is complex, with rich biological resources and species diversity.
The main protected objects in the protected area are yellow-bellied horned owl, white pheasant, macaque, pangolin, southern yew, Jiangnan twig, flower palm tree, Minnan and its habitat forest ecosystem. The yellow-bellied horned owl is a national first-class protected animal. Paeonia lactiflora is a national second-level key protected animal, and southern yew is a national first-level key protected plant. The yellow-bellied pheasant that inhabits here is the largest population currently found in Fujian Province. The yellow-bellied horned owl is a native bird of China. It was first discovered in the northwestern part of our province in 1857, and then expanded to Zhejiang, Jiangxi, and Guangdong. Its distribution area is narrow and rare. It has been included in the International Bird Protection Commission (ICBP) The Red Book of Endangered Birds in the World and China's national first-level protected birds are kept in this province. In addition, the southern yew is widely distributed and rich in resources, with large and ancient trees spreading throughout the reserve.